Seems like the more advanced the economy the more indebted it is. Is debt a fuel for growth? Or is it a by-product of it?
What: General government gross debt as a percent of GDP. I wanted to use net debt, but it was not available for most regions. When: estimates for 2018 Where: regions provided by IMF Source: IMF WEO report April 2019
I tried to find which market is the biggest in terms of average daily trading volume. Seems that the one we talk least about is the biggest one – it’s derivatives market. What are they? Many people don’t even know!
What: Daily turnover, USD billion When: Indicated on the graph Where: World Source: WFE, BIS, CMC
P.S. The use of a 3D chart requires additional justification: here I have no excuse I did not know what I was doing!
It was expected – US dollar, euro and yen. All the cryptocurrencies are still far away from leaders.
What: Daily averages of OTC foreign exchange turnover by currency, “net-net” basis (which means the total is 200%), percentage share. When: 2019 April Where: World Source: Triennial Central Bank Survey, BIS
I assume cryptocurrencies are coins. At the end of 2017, there were 3 cryptocurrenciens among top 15.
What: Total banknotes and coins in circulation for normal currencies, market capitalization for cryptocurrencies, USD billion When: 2017, end of year Where: 21 major world currency + cryptocurrencies Source: BIS and CMC
After quickly analyzing the most developed countries (HDI >0,8), I noticed that grouping countries according to some culture related patterns is quite easy. More analysis should be done (by someone else), but seems, that suicides have more to do with culture than development. Some cultures are able to handle development better, some – worse.
What: Suicide rate vs human development index When: Suicide rate – 2016, HDI – 2017 Where: Countries with HDI > 0,8 Source: Suicide rate – WHO, HDI – UNDP
Seems like not really. Look, there are high rates among less developed countries, and low rates among more developed ones. What is clearly visible – it’s the higher distribution among well-developed countries!
What: Suicide rate vs human development index When: Suicide rate – 2016, HDI – 2017 Where: Countries of the world Source: Suicide rate – WHO, HDI – UNDP
The graph tells me that further analysis would be purposeless. For most countries, which entered EU in 2004 the fifth year in the union was the time of global crisis. Would have they been better without EU? Well, this is a topic for a deeper analysis.
What: The graph shows 3-year moving averages of annual GDP per capita growth, with value at year 0 (entering the EU) subtracted from all the data series for visual purposes. The “average” is a simple average of all growths without the topmost and downmost values. When: Years are different for each country depending on its date of joining the European Union. Where: Countries joined the EU in 2004 and later. Source: ES
At the first year seemed that inflation was higher with euro, this was the case for 5 countries out of 7, but after 3 years have passed – only 3 out of 7 had bigger price increase with euro during the whole period. Seems that inflation rise due to euro was a temporary one-time effect which later leveled out for at least half of the countries. In short, I’d say that Euro does not cause inflation in a significant way.
What: Consumer price growth in one, two and three years before the adoption of euro subtracted from consumer price growth in one, two and three years after the adoption of euro. The number on the graph shows how much faster prices grew with Euro than without. When: Years are different for each country depending on its date of joining the Eurozone. Where: Countries which joined the Eurozone later, not with the initial group Source: ES